Water is a Human Right!

This year’s Theme: “Leaving No One Behind”.

22 March is the World Day for Water observed in the World with respect in line with the United Nations (UN) Resolution A/RES/47/193. In 2010, the UN recognized “the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right that is essential for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights.” So for the commoners, Water is a human right.

Mauritius is an island surrounded by sea and populate by a count of 22 rivers. The geographic coordinates of the country is 20°17′S, 57°33′E. Situated approximately 2,400 kilometres off the South East Coast of Africa, the island covers an area of 1,865 square kilometres or 720 square miles, with 330 kilometres of coastline. Mauritius is 45km in width and 65km in length with a total population of around 1,270, 525 (2019).

Water is managed in the country by the Central Water Authority (CWA) placed under the aegis of the Ministry of Energy and Public Utilities. CWA was established under the provisions of the Central Water Authority Act No. 20 of 1971, which came into effect in July, 1971 by Proclamation No. 9 of 1971. The Principal Act has subsequently been amended by Act No. 26 of 1975, Act No. 39 of 1982, Act No.4 of 1985, Act No.31 of 1989 and Act No. 27 of 2000.

Unfortunately, in this year of 2019, the whole of the Mauritian population is not having easy access to drinking water (drinking tap water). Having access to tap water facilities 24/7 is yet to become a reality. In 2015, after the expiry of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015, Mauritius, together with 193-Member States, adopted the 2030 Agenda, which comprises a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (known as the Global Goals) with 169 Targets to be reached by 2030. These sets of goals clearly define the world we want and which apply to all nations and leaving no one behind.

It is hoped that water 24/7 becomes a reality for all citizens of Mauritius.